All the things you should know about heart disease

Heart disease is one of the leading causes of death in the world. The disease is often called the "silent killer" (noiseless killer) because in many cases, a person is not aware of this until they have the disease shows signs of a heart attack or heart failure. Therefore, it is very important for you to note the symptoms of heart disease early on. This disease can sometimes be detected early by a routine examination.


Overview of heart disease

Heart disease is a disease that occurs due to impaired cardiac function. Coronary heart disease is a kind of sickness at the heart of the most frequently occurring. This condition is the result of a buildup of plaque in the coronary arteries, which blocks the flow of blood to the heart and increases the risk of heart attacks and other complications. 

Coronary heart disease is usually caused by cholesterol plaque forming the pile on artery walls in quite a long time. Gradually this condition will cause clogged blood flow and this disorder is known as atherosclerosis. As time passes, coronary heart disease can lead to heart muscle weakening and complications such as heart failure and arrhythmia (heart rhythm disturbance).

Meanwhile, other types of this disease include:
  • Irregular heartbeat (arrhythmia)
  • Congenital heart defects
  • A weak heart muscle (cardiomyopathy)
  • Heart valve problems
  • Infection of the heart

Symptoms of heart disease

This disease symptom will vary depending on the type of heart disease that you are experiencing. Keep in mind that the characteristics of heart disease may also be different for men and women. For example, men are more likely to experience chest pain. While in addition to experiencing chest pain, women also tend to have other symptoms such as shortness of breath, nausea and often feel the chronic fatigue.



The following symptoms are the most common heart disease based on the type of heart disease you have:

1. Symptoms of heart disease due to coronary heart disease

Coronary heart disease (PJK) occurs due to a blockage in the blood vessels caused by stacking artery plaque. As a result, the blood flow, so it is not smooth. Coronary heart disease causes heart muscles do not function well in doing its job to pump blood throughout the body. So, when the heart muscle stops pumping then complications will arise, namely heart attack or even heart failure.

Coronary heart disease is a type of heart disorders are the most common. Some of the typical symptoms of coronary heart disease include:

  • Angina (pain in the chest
  • Appear cold sweat
  • Nausea
  • Shortness of breath


2. Symptoms of heart disease due to arrhythmia

Arrhythmias are abnormalities of the heart that is marked with the beats or abnormal rhythm, in which the heart rate You could be too fast, too slow, too early, or irregular.

Characteristics of arrhythmia due to heart disease include:

  • Heart palpitations
  • Fast or slow heartbeat
  • Dizziness
  • Chest pain
  • Shortness of breath
  • Sweating
  • Fainting  or nearly passed out
  • Palpitations (heart beat like a stone unturned, racing)


3. Symptoms of heart disease because of a congenital heart defect

Congenital heart abnormalities or congenital heart defect is a condition of the heart's structure is not perfect. Characteristic of this type of heart disease include:
  • Skin discoloration, bluish or pale color (cyanosis)
  • Swelling of the legs and abdomen
  • Fatigue or shortness of breath shortly after doing a physical activity

These issues will generally inhibit the activity of congenital heart sufferers, and can appear in a variety of age can even also lived to adulthood.

4. Symptoms of heart disease due to infection of the heart (endocarditis)

Endocarditis is an infection that affects the membrane that separates the inside of space and heart valves (endocardium). This condition is rare and requires intensive care. People who have congenital heart disease and other heart disorders history have a high risk of experiencing this condition.

Characteristic of this type of heart disease include:
  • Fever
  • Shortness of breath
  • Fatigue
  • Swelling in the legs or abdomen
  • Irregular heart rate
  • Continuous dry cough
  • Emerge skin rashes or reddish spots or purplish unusual


5. Symptoms of heart disease due to valvular heart disease

The heart has four valves, i.e., mitral, aortic valve, pulmonary and tricuspid. The functioning of the valve opening and closing the flow of blood through your heart. Valve-the valve can also be damaged due to various causes, such as narrowing (stenosis), leaks (regurgitation or insufficiency), or the closure of the imperfect (prolapse).

In fact, the characteristics of this type of heart disease will depend on the valve where the misbehaving. However, in general this type of heart disease traits generally include:
  • Chest pain
  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Irregular heartbeat
  • Swollen legs or ankles
  • Fainted 

There may be some feature of cardiovascular disease that is not mentioned above. However, in general, the consultation soon to doctor if you have one feature of heart disease, it is important to be aware of the characteristics of heart disease early, especially if you have a family history of this disease. 

Factors can increase the risk of developing this disease


Here are some factors that can increase the chances of You affected by this disease include:

  • Age. Aging increases the risk of a damaged artery or narrowing, as well as the weakened heart muscle or thicken.
  • Sex. Higher-risk men affected by this disease. However, the risk of this disease affected women also tend to increase after menopause.
  • A family history. If the father or mother you are exposed to this disease, the risk You are exposed to the same diseases will also increase. Especially if your parents are exposed to the disease at an early age (before age 55 years).
  • Smoking. Nicotine and carbon monoxide contained in the cigarette is the enemy of the blood vessels, which in turn can increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
  • Chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy. Some chemotherapy drugs and radiation therapy can increase the risk of developing cardiovascular disease.
  • A bad diet. A diet that is high in fat, grams of sugar, and cholesterol increases the risk You are exposed to the disease at a later date.
  • High blood pressure. High blood pressure uncontrolled can cause a hardening or thickening of the arteries and blood vessels are narrowed it's you.
  • High cholesterol. High cholesterol levels in your blood can increase the risk of atherosclerosis and plaque formation.
  • Obesity. Obesity is the cause of a variety of chronic diseases, including cardiovascular disease.
  • Diabetes. Diabetes can increase the risk of cardiovascular disease as well as diseases of hypertension and obesity.
  • Lazy exercise. Lack of physical activity is also associated with different types of the disease cardiovascular and some other risk factors too.
  • Stress. Uncontrolled stress can damage your arteries thus increasing Your hit by this disease.
  • Does not maintain the cleanliness. Forget about hand-washing habits and do not maintain the overall cleanliness increase viral and bacterial infections that can affect the heart.


Tests to diagnose this disease

There are many different kinds of tests are used to diagnose this disease. The doctor will choose certain tests based on a symptom and a summary of the history of your family. In addition to blood tests, chest x-rays and other tests commonly performed medical doctor to diagnose this disease include:
  • Electrocardiogram (ECG). This test is performed to help identify the problems of the rhythm of the heart.
  • Echocardiogram. The test is performed using ultrasonic waves to see blood flow through the heart.
  • Ct Scan. This test was done using x-rays that creates the look of a crossed heart.
  • Cardiac MRI. The test is done use magnets and radio waves to create images of high-ranking levels of the heart and surrounding tissues.
  • Stress test. These tests are done to monitor the heart during periods of heavy activity or exercise


Various treatment options for this disease

Treatment of heart disease depending on the condition, however, including lifestyle changes and taking medication for heart disease. 

Lifestyle changes include:
  • Eat a healthy diet rich in fiber, omega 3 fatty acids, fruits, as well as vegetables. Choose foods that are low in fat, sodium, and cholesterol to help control blood pressure.
  • Increase physical activity to maintain a healthy weight, reduces the risk of diabetes, as well as maintain cholesterol levels. Do at least 60 minutes per week.
  • Quitting smoking can lower the risk of heart disease and complications.
  • Drinking alcohol in moderation may lower blood pressure and reduce the risk of heart disease. Men should drink no more than two glasses, and women no more than one glass of alcoholic drinks per day.
  • Learn how to deal with stress, whether through exercise, medication, therapy or support groups dealing with stress.

When lifestyle changes do not help to improve your condition, your doctor will prescribe a medication for heart disease to reduce the risk of heart attack or stroke. 

Heart disease medication prescribed based on the patient and the severity of the condition. But in General, this heart disease drugs aimed to lower blood pressure or prevent blood clotting. There are many types of medications for heart disease. However, there are some medications for heart disease that are often prescribed. 

For example, heart disease drug heparin used to prevent complications after a heart attack; high blood pressure medications, such as diuretics, ACE inhibitors, Angiotensin II receptor blockers (ARBS), beta blockers, aldosterone, and inotropic; to aspirin and cholesterol-lowering statins.

Sometimes, the medical procedures needed to treat some types of this disease. For example i.e. angioplasty (flexible tube is inserted into the artery to increase blood flow) or coronary artery bypass surgery (surgery performed by moving blood vessels in a given area to other areas to improve blood flow to the heart).

What you can do to prevent this disease


Cardiovascular disease is a chronic illness. However, it does not mean you are not able to prevent this disease. In many cases, the disease is caused due to the application of an unhealthy lifestyle. By why powerful ways to prevent this disease is to apply a pattern of healthy living. Here are some things you can do:

1. Diligent sports

Sports can help improve cardiovascular fitness, lower cholesterol and blood pressure, to keep my weight remained healthy. That's why try to exercise at least 30-45 minutes a day. Do any kind of exercise that you like, because all sports are basically good. Bottom line, do all the things that make you active moves.
2. watch food intake

Avoid or limit foods that can increase your blood cholesterol, such as fatty meats, sausages and burger meat, butter, cream, and cake, biscuits, chocolate, and sweets. The bottom line, limit salt, fat, and sugar you eat. Multiply eat fibrous foods from the fruit, vegetable, wheat, and beans.

Because a fiber may help high foods to lower cholesterol as well as your blood pressure. Not only that, fibrous food also helps you manage your healthy weight.

3. avoid stress

Chronic stress can lead to heart attack if not managed properly. Well, to prevent cardiovascular disease that is triggered by stress, you have to be smart-smart managing emotions. If the stress you are already considered excessive, confide in someone, whether a professional counselor or nearest. You can also try meditation, yoga, or deep breathing techniques to relieve the stress you are going through.

4. Quit smoking

If you are a smoker, you should begin trying to stop smoking. Smoking may raise blood pressure and damage to the blood vessels. Therefore, stop smoking and/or avoid exposure to cigarette smoke can help in preventing this disease.

5. Regularly check tension and cholesterol

Routinely checking blood pressure and cholesterol every day can prevent cardiovascular disease. In General, blood pressure normal arguably when indicating the number under 120/80 mmHg. When the systolic (top number) you are between 120-139, or if the numbers diastolic (bottom number) range in 80-89, this means that you have a "prehypertension".

While for good total cholesterol levels in the blood is less than 200 mg/dl. Your cholesterol is usually rated high if you already reach the figure of 240 mg/dl or more.

6. Limit alcohol

Avoid consuming large amounts of alcohol. For women, limit your alcohol intake to no more than one glass a day. While for men, limit your alcohol intake of no more than two glasses a day.

7. heart disease taking the drug regularly

Sometimes lifestyle changes alone are not enough to prevent this disease. You may have to take medication for heart disease that includes drug-lowering blood pressure or cholesterol to reduce the risk of heart attack. If your doctor has given medications for heart disease should you consume, you must comply with the drink it on a regular basis in accordance with the instructions of your doctor.

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