The cause of Myocarditis, heart disease that strikes Young Children

Inflammation is the body's normal reaction against injuries or infections. Imagine if your fingers hurt. Usually, in a short time, the tissue around the wound to swell and become red. The symptoms of inflammation are generally like this. The body's immune system produces special cells at the wound and makes improvements. Sometimes, this can speed up the healing process, but the inflammation can also be very dangerous.

Myocarditis is a disease characterized by inflammation of the heart muscle or myocardium, the muscular layer of the heart wall IE. This muscle is in charge of pumping blood in and out of the heart to all parts of the body. If the muscle is inflamed, the blood will not pump well, thus causing problems such as irregular heartbeat, breathing difficulties, and in extreme cases can occur blood clotting, heart attack, stroke or damage to the heart.

What causes myocarditis?

Myocarditis is generally caused by viruses, bacteria, or yeast infection. While trying to attack the infection, the immune system fight it with chemicals to fight the disease. This causes inflammation to occur. However, inflammation can actually weaken the heart. Some autoimmune diseases, such as lupus, the immune system can fight the heart, causing inflammation and damage. It is difficult to determine what exactly the cause myocarditis, but here are some potential causes:

Virus

The virus is the most common cause of myocarditis. Some of them like the coxsackievirus B, adenovirus (causes colds) and parvovirus B19 (fifth disease rash causes). Other possibilities include echoviruses (gastrointestinal disease), Epstein-Barr (mononucleosis) and rubella (measles). People with AIDS also have a higher risk.

Bacteria

Although rare, myocarditis can be caused by Staphylococcus, Streptococcus; the bacteria cause Lyme disease and diphtheria.

Mushroom

Candida yeast infections, mold, and other fungi can cause myocarditis.

The parasite

The parasite is carried by small insects, which can cause myocarditis and other diseases. Parasites are more common in Central America or South America.

Inflammatory diseases

A disease that can cause inflammation in other parts of the body, such as rheumatoid arthritis, can also cause myocarditis.

What are the symptoms of myocarditis?

Myocarditis can be dangerous because it can happen to anyone, at any age and often occur without showing any symptoms. The symptoms often resemble flu symptoms, such as fatigue, fever, joint pain or swelling, and pain in the chest. This can make myocarditis difficult is diagnosed.

Myocarditis often strikes healthy people and is considered as the cause of sudden death in young adults.

Often, the myocarditis may disappear without treatment, such as a wound on the finger will heal by itself. Even the more serious cases may not cause symptoms in heart failure, but it can damage the heart muscle. However, the heart may also be indicating obstacles faced, with symptoms such as:

  • Fatigue
  • Shortness of breath
  • Heart palpitations or pounding heart toned
  • Fever
  • Chest pain
  • Congestive heart failure


How do misdiagnosis myocarditis?

Though it's hard to myocarditis is diagnosed, the doctor may do some tests to narrow down the possible causes. A blood test can notice any signs of infection or inflammation and chest x-ray can show a sign of heart failure. Electrocardiogram (ECG) can detect abnormalities of heartbeat or heart muscle damage, and an echocardiogram (ultrasound) can detect swelling in the heart. In some specific cases, the endomyocardial biopsy can be performed by a doctor who examined a small part of the heart network.

Treatment for myocarditis

Treatment depends on how severe the inflammation occurs. In some cases, the swelling will disappear by itself and you will be cured completely. If you have a problem, the doctor may prescribe anti-inflammatory drugs to help the process. You will also be recommended to rest and a diet low in salt, and you may be given a diuretic to remove excess fluid in the body. Antibiotics can also help deal with infections caused by bacteria, as well as the corticosteroid can reduce inflammation.

If the heart has trouble pumping properly, the doctor will also prescribe medicines that can help relax the blood vessels and blood flow more smoothly. Other drugs can also help control an irregular heartbeat. Almost all of these treatments can reduce the workload on the heart. In more severe cases, heart pacemakers and defibrillators can be required. Or in case of heart failure, other procedures can be performed in a hospital. In the heart of the already badly damaged, the doctor will probably recommend a heart transplant.

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