Why High Homocysteine Levels Affect Blood Vessels?

Homocysteine is an amino acid (the protein that is composed of several blocks) which is produced in the human body.


Why is it high homocysteine levels become dangerous?

Homocysteine levels in the blood are so high may damage the lining of the arteries. In addition, the high levels of homocysteine can facilitate the formation of blood clots. These conditions can increase the risk of blockage of blood vessels. Clots in the blood vessels are called a thrombus. This thrombus may participate in the bloodstream and bogged down in the lungs (called pulmonary emboli), in the brain (which can cause a stroke) or in the heart (which can lead to a heart attack). People who have a very high homocysteine level in blood have an increased risk of developing coronary artery disease.

What causes high levels of homocysteine?


Homocysteine is usually converted into another amino acid forms for use by the body. If the homocysteine level is too high, it is likely the body of vitamin B deficiency used to process homocysteine.

Most people who have high levels of homocysteine deficiency of folate (folic acid), vitamin B6 or vitamin B12 in diet pattern. Usually, keeping the intake of these vitamins will help restore the levels of homocysteine to a normal state. Other causes of low levels of thyroid hormone, kidney disease, psoriasis, some drugs or when such conditions occur in the family.

How do I measure the levels of homocysteine?

Homocysteine is measured by using a simple blood test. You don't have to set up a special way to undergo blood tests.

If the homocysteine levels are too high, you need to drop him off, especially if you have a blockage in the blood vessels. If you don't have major risk factors for cardiovascular disease and atherosclerosis (the buildup of plaque in the arteries), your doctor will monitor your situation. If the level of homocysteine you are constantly increasing, you need it down.

Although there has been no research to suggest that lowering the level of homocysteine may help lower the risk of stroke, heart attack, and other cardiovascular diseases, it is still a good idea to reduce the risk of disease the heart.

How to lower the high level of homocysteine?

Eating more fruits and vegetables (especially leafy green vegetables) may help lower the levels of homocysteine with a percentage of how much folate obtained in your diet. Good sources of folate include cereals, processed grain products, lentils, asparagus, spinach and almost all types of nuts.

If it does not obtain vitamin B-6 is enough in your diet, foods such as cereals, potatoes, garbanzo beans, banana (string beans) and chicken are a good source. Dairy products, meat-containing organs (like the liver), meats beef, as well as some types of fish, are a source of vitamin B-12 is good.

If by setting diet not enough lowers Your levels of homocysteine, the doctor will recommend the use of the supplements folate. You may also need to drink supplements vitamin B-6 and vitamin B-12.

What happens next?

If you start taking supplements of folate or vitamin B, you should re-check the level of homocysteine in the body after 8 weeks. If still high, the doctor will probably recommend the use of higher doses. You may have to undergo some tests to find out if you have other health problems that cause increased levels of homocysteine in the body. When high levels of homocysteine, you will need to undergo examination on a regular basis (2 or 3 times a year).

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