Brief Info About Coronary Artery Disease


Coronary artery disease is a condition in which plaque builds up in the walls of the coronary arteries (the vessels which drain the blood towards the heart muscle). This plaque slowly can obstruct arteries, or sudden rupture, causing inhibition of more acute again. Because the heart muscle requires a continuous supply of oxygen and nutrients to survive, inhibition of coronary artery quickly results in serious problems.

What are the causes of coronary artery disease?

Coronary artery disease is caused by atherosclerosis.

Atherosclerosis is a chronic and progressive disorder of the arteries in which the collection of cholesterol, calcium, and abnormal cells builds up in the inner layer of the arteries.

This plaque can lead to narrowing of the arteries slowly but progressively, and as a result, the blood flows toward the arteries more difficult. If inhibition has become large enough, the patient may experience angina.

What happens if you have angina?

"Angina" is the patient's symptoms naturally every time the heart muscle is not getting enough blood flow through the coronary arteries. Angina is usually felt as discomfort (pain often as repressed) in or around the chest, shoulders, neck, or arm.

Stable angina

"Unstable Angina" is angina that is almost predictable, for example, with great effort or after eating great. Stable angina is generally meant the plaque has been piling up large enough to generate a partial inhibition of the coronary arteries.

When someone with a stable rest angina, coronary artery blocked most able to meet the needs of the heart muscle. However, if exercised, (or have other pressure that makes the heart work harder), barriers to prevent the increasing flow of blood towards the heart muscle is adequately, and any angina occurs. So, stable angina usually means that there is a significant plaque in the coronary arteries are partially inhibit the blood flow.

In addition to causing the resistance with increasing size of the slowly, the plaque is also often sudden rupture, which can inhibit unexpectedly. Medical condition because fractions of Acute Coronary Syndrome called plaque (ACS). ACS is always an emergency medical condition.

Unstable angina

"Unstable Angina" is one type of ACS. Unstable angina occurs when plaque partially ruptured, causing a worsening of arterial blockages suddenly. In contrast with stable angina, unstable angina symptoms are unpredictable, (that is, not associated with great effort or stress), and tends to appear during a break. (Another name for angina is unstable "angina rest.") patients with high-risk unstable angina undergoing coronary artery blockage, resulting in myocardial myocardia.

What about the heart attack?

Myocardial infarction, or heart attack, is a more dangerous form of ACS. A plaque rupture causes coronary artery blockage total (or almost total), so the heart muscle supplied by that artery is dead. Then, a heart attack is the death of heart muscle. The dangers of myocardial myocardia depending on how much heart muscle is dying. A heart attack was a mild heart attack in which only a small part of the heart muscle is dying, while most of the heart muscle to die called a heart attack.

If the patient receives medical attention within a few hours after an initial heart attack, heart attack size can be reduced by giving many Painkiller blockages, or by running the angioplasty immediately (and most often, stenting) for opening blocked arteries.

After surviving a heart attack, patients are still at risk. The next heart attack may occur if there are more plaques in the coronary arteries. In addition, depending on the amount of heart muscle that has been damaged, the patient may experience heart failure. Plus more, the heart muscle is damaged can cause permanent instability in the electrical system of the heart, which can lead to sudden heart attack. That's why, after a heart attack, all these risks need to be assessed carefully, and steps need to be taken to reduce any risks as much as possible.

What can I do?

The best way to cope with coronary heart disease, of course, is to prevent it. All people have to do all the best thing they can do to reduce the risk factors for coronary artery disease.

For those who have experienced coronary artery disease, reduce the same risk factors became more important again, to slow the progression of the disease. In addition, there are several ways to treat coronary artery disease, including drug therapy, surgery, and angioplasty and stenting. The treatment of coronary artery disease is different in each person, and optimal therapy depends on the consideration of every option carefully, by doctors as well as patients.

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