Often Tired, One Of The Symptoms Of Heart Valve Disease


Do you or your spouse was diagnosed with valvular heart disease (VHD) or heart valve disease? These two diseases illustrate one or many of the abnormalities that occur in four human heart valve.

Valve-a valve or the channel normally serves to drain the blood out of the heart at the right position, but when the valve is not working properly will cause problems, such as chest pains, head feels light, short breath, and even failed to the heart.

In fact, with treatment, almost all types of VHD can be treated with drugs and surgery (if needed) so that you can recover from the disease.

What is heart valve?

You can imagine the heart valves as a canal which delivers blood to the heart in one direction. This valve can be opened and closed simultaneously with the rhythm of your heartbeat, adjust to the correct time in order to keep blood moving in compliance, as well as to prevent backups.

Valve-this valve opens and closes to let blood to keep it moving as it should be. If something wrong happens with this valve may occur leakage of blood and blood can flow in the wrong direction, this led to the VHD. The four heart valves that are described as follows:

1. Tricuspid Valve 

When the blood returning from the body into the right atrium (upper chamber) of the heart, the tricuspid valve opens to allow blood to move to the right ventricular (lower chamber). When the ventricular right is already filled, the tricuspid valve closes to keep the blood did not come out to the right atrium. View a 3-d model of the valve tricuspid.

2. Pulmonary Valve 

Ventricular the right containing the blood of contracting and pumping blood from the pulmonary valve that opens to the lungs through the pulmonary. When the blood has flowed, valve pulmonary will be closed to keep the blood so as not to return to the ventricular right. View a 3-d model of the valve pulmonary.

3. Mitral Valve 

When new blood is oxidized from the lungs has left the left atrium (upper chamber), the mitral valve opens, allowing the blood to flow to the left ventricular (lower chamber). When the ventricular left has been fully charged, the mitral valve is closed to keep the blood from flowing back into the lungs. View a 3-d model of the mitral valve.

4. Aortic Valve 

When ventricular left to contract, pushing the blood that has been oxidized from an aortic valve that opens to the main artery from the aorta, the body, the blood, and then out of all the organs of the human body. When ventricular left blank, the aortic valve closes to keep the incoming blood back to the heart.

A variety of conditions that cause the VHD

Many things can cause this, create VHD became one of the most common heart diseases in human life. Degenerative diseases, birth defects, connective tissue disease, trauma, and tumors can affect the State of the person's heart valve, coronary artery disease pulmonary hypertension, infections, problems with the aorta, or other things can also cause VHD disease appears. One of the rheumatic diseases namely, known as the biggest cause of disease of the VHD. However, antibiotics can turn off the progression of the disease so that the important thing is not rheumatism as a cause of the VHD.

Another common cause of this disease is the weakening of the tissue valve itself, which usually occurs in patients who are already elderly. When the expansion occurs within the arterial plaque, it can also happen in a mitral or aortic valve, causing the second valve to thicken. A heart attack can also damage the valve. Whatever the cause of the damage early, generally occurs due to one of two types that interfere with blood flow to the heart:

Regurgitation 

Can be called with the inability of a valve in closing properly so that blood can back to where it was before. A little discharge of blood volume will cause the heart to work more. But as time went on, this will cause widening and inefficient.

1. Stenosis

This occurs when the "leaflets" or the door of the valve does not open with a width, so only a little blood flow which can pass through. Once again, the heart must work more to be able to pump sufficient blood flow and to parts of the body. Stenosis typically occurs because the "leaflets" thickened and rigid, or fused.

2. What are the symptoms of VHD?

When the heart works to overcome the decline in blood flow, usually will symptoms appear, among them are:

  • It's hard to breathe 
  • Fatigue 
  • Fainting or head feels light 
  • Chest pain 
  • Arrhythmias (irregular heartbeat jank) 
  • Pulmonary hypertension (high blood pressure in the lungs) 
  • Pulmonary/systemic edema (there are building networks in the lungs or in other parts of the body) 
  • The reduced capacity of sport 
  • Blood clotting (can cause heart attacks and strokes) 
  • Heart failure 

Specific types of VHD

Although many different types of VHD, the type can be divided into categories based on the valves which are exposed to the outbreak. Valve problems generally occur in the mitral valve and the aorta. While in the tricuspid valve and the valve pulmonary rare happen.

Mitral Valve Disease

Mitral valve prolapse (MVP) is one of the most common forms of heart valve disease. This happens while one or two of the flaps or valve, to prevent flaring leaflets to appropriately covered. Typically, this is not a serious condition. Mitral regurgitation and mitral stenosis can also occur.

Aortic Valve Disease

People who have high blood pressure and bring the disability risk severe aortic regurgitation. People who are born with an aortic valve bicuspid or old people also have the risk of undergoing aortic valve stenosis.

Tricuspid Valve Disease

Tricuspid regurgitation (also known as tricuspid incompetence) is usually caused by spreading it ventricular the right. This condition sometimes occurs also in a relationship with mitral valve disease or dysfunction of the left ventricular. Tricuspid stenosis can also cause spread it the right atrium.

Pulmonary Valve Disease

Pulmonary hypertension, infections, heart valve problems or congenital can cause pulmonary regurgitation. On the other hand, pulmonary stenosis, a congenital defect is usually caused by a person from birth.

Treatment for VHD

Treatment for various types of VHD depends on how the valve problems affect blood flow. People who do not show symptoms or show slight signs usually do not require treatment. If the problem worsens, or treatment stopped working, the balloon procedure to open a narrowed valve or surgery needs to be done. Doctors usually recommend a life diet, exercise regularly and avoid smoking and alcohol which aims to improve the function of your body.


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